The Lockheed P-38 Lightning was a World War II American fighter aircraft built by Lockheed. Developed to a United States Army Air Corps requirement, the P-38 had distinctive twin booms and a single, central nacelle containing the cockpit and armament. Named "fork-tailed devil" by the Luftwaffe and "two planes, one pilot" by the Japanese, the P-38 was used in a number of roles, including dive bombing, level bombing, ground-attack, photo reconnaissance missions, and extensively as a long-range escort fighter when equipped with drop tanks under its wings.

The P-38 was used most successfully in the Pacific Theater of Operations and the China-Burma-India Theater of Operations as the mount of America's top aces, Richard Bong (40 victories) and Thomas McGuire (38 victories). In the South West Pacific theater, the P-38 was the primary long-range fighter of United States Army Air Forces until the appearance of large numbers of P-51D Mustangs toward the end of the war. The P-38 was unusually quiet for a fighter, the exhaust muffled by the turbo-superchargers. It was extremely forgiving, and could be mishandled in many ways, but the rate of roll was too slow for it to excel as a dogfighter. The P-38 was the only American fighter aircraft in production throughout American involvement in the war, from Pearl Harbor to Victory over Japan Day.

P-38E/F | P-38G | P-38H | P-38J | P-38L

Named Aircraft
23 Skidoo
California Cutie
Glacier Girl
Jap Sandman
Joltin Josie
Marge (N3800L)
Pudgy V
  Putt Putt Maru
Ruff Stuff
Scatterbrain Kid
Scatterbrain Kid II
Scrapiron IV
White Lightnin

P-38E/F Lightning

41-2048 (W-62)
41-7630 (A-07)
42-12647 (S-02)
  42-12652 (R-02)
42-13084 (S-02)
  42-13105 (P-92)
43-2181 (W-47)

P-38G Lightning

42-12847 (P-02)
  42-13400 (D-07)

P-38H Lightning

42-66841 (D-07)
  42-66905 (T-88)

P-38J Lightning

42-67543 (W-96)
42-67574 (C-50)
42-67638 (D-07)
  42-67762 (D-11)
42-103988 (R-02)
  42-104088 (S-02)
44-23314 (A-07)

P-38L Lightning

43-50281 (W-74)
44-24788 (?-47)
44-25786 (S-02)
44-26670 (C-04)
44-26761 (R-02)
44-26961 (W-93)
44-26969 (W-97)
44-26981 (A-10)
44-27053 (D-02)
44-27083 (D-02)
  44-27183 (A-04)
44-27205 (W-64)
44-27207 (A-46)
44-27231 (A-07)
44-27254 (A-46)
44-53015 (D-02)
44-53078 (W-90)
44-53087 (D-07)
44-53095 (R-07)
  44-53097 (D-07)
44-53180 (W-57)
44-53183 (W-55)
44-53186 (D-06)
44-53193 (W-97)
44-53232 (D-05)
44-53236 (D-11)
44-53242 (S-02)
44-53247 (W-90)
44-53254 (R-07)