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The Lockheed SR-71 "Blackbird" was an advanced, long-range, Mach 3+ strategic reconnaissance aircraft. It was developed as a black project from the Lockheed A-12 reconnaissance aircraft in the 1960s by the Lockheed Skunk Works. Clarence "Kelly" Johnson was responsible for many of the design's innovative concepts. During reconnaissance missions the SR-71 operated at high speeds and altitudes to allow it to outrace threats. If a surface-to-air missile launch was detected, the standard evasive action was simply to accelerate and outrun the missile.

The SR-71 served with the U.S. Air Force from 1964 to 1998. Of the 32 aircraft built, 12 were destroyed in accidents, and none lost to enemy action. The SR-71 was unofficially named the Blackbird, and called the Habu by its crews, referring to an Okinawan species of pit viper. Since 1976, it has held the world record for the fastest air-breathing manned aircraft, a record previously held by the YF-12

Below is a list of the known SR-71/A-12 airframes that survived military service.

60-6925 (D-03)
60-6927 (D-07)
60-6930 (D-11)
60-6931 (D-06)
60-6933 (D-03)
60-6935 (D-03)
  60-6937 (D-07)
60-6938 (D-97)
61-7951 (D-03)
61-7955 (D-05)
61-7956 (D-04)
61-7958 (D-04)
  61-7962 (D-04)
61-7964 (D-03)
61-7967 (D-04)
61-7968 (D-06)
61-7972 (D-04)
61-7975 (D-04)



A-12 production at Lockheed Skunk Works, 1965
[Source: Central Intelligence Agency]


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